Epidemiologic and Clinical Characteristics of Migraine and Tension-Type Headaches among Hospitals Staffs of Shiraz (Iran)

  • Seyyed Mohammad Taghi Ayatollahi Department of Epidemiology and Statistic Group, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
  • Leyla Sahebi Department of Public Health, National Public Health Management Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
  • Afshin Borhani Haghighi Department of Neurology. Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
Keywords: Migraine, Tension- Type Headache (TTH), Prevalence, hospital staffs, International Headache Society (IHS), abbrevations, TTH (Tension-Type Headache), HIS (International Headache Society)

Abstract

Headache is a common symptom that constitutes a major health problem to all countries in the world. This study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of migraine and tension -type headaches(TTH), its associated occupational risk factors among Shiraz hospitals staffs, and to report on clinical characteristics of migraine and TTH with using the International Headache Society (IHS) diagnosis criteria. A random sample of 1023 staffs constituting a 20% sample of the hospitals staff population was selected. Sampling method was categorical random sampling. Within each group sampling was carried out systematically. Data were collected by screening questionnaire followed by clinical interviews, general physical and neurological examination, and diagnostic criteria of IHS. Prevalence of migraine, TTH and coexisting migraine and TTH were estimated as 11.2% (115 cases), 19.5% (199 subjects) and 3.2% (33 subjects) respectively. In this study , clinical characteristics of headache including type, site, number , intensity ,concomitant symptom of headaches had been surveyed. TTH and migraine headaches were significantly associated with self reported abnormal sleep pattern and female gender (P < 0.001). Also TTH was negatively associated with total 24hr duration of sleep and history of involvement in second job significantly (P

References

Mirzaei GR. Prevalence of Migraine without aura and reduced efficacy of its associated factors among Shahr Kord female high pupils. J Shahr Kord Uni Med Sci 2003; 5(4): 55-62. [Persian]

Hamzei Moghaddam A, Bahraam Pour A, Mobasher M. Prevalence of Migraine and it’s associated demographic factors among Kerman official. J Kerman Uni Med Sci 1997; 5(2): 84-91. [Persian]

Evans RW, Mathew NT. Handbook of Headache. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2000.

Cheung RT. Prevalence of migraine, tension-type headache, and other headaches in Hong Kong. Headache 2000; 40(6): 473-9.

Olesen J, Tfelt- Hansen P, Welch KMA, editors. The Headaches. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2000.

Najafi Koopaei M, Semnanian S, Rezaei O, Garagozlo K. Clinical of survey migraine without aura. J Ahvaz Uni Med Sci 1988; 24: 72-83. [Persian]

Roh JK, Kim JS, Ahn YO. Epidemiologic and clinical characteristics of migraine and tension-type headache in Korea. Headache 1998; 38(5): 356-65.

Pryse-Phillips W, Findlay H, Tugwell P, Edmeads J, Murray TJ, Nelson RF. A Canadian population survey on the clinical, epidemiologic and societal impact of migraine and tension- type headache. Can J Neurol Sci 1992; 19(3): 333-9.

Bigal ME, Bigal JM, Betti M, Bordini CA, Speciali JG. Evaluation of the impact of migraine and episodic tensiontype headache on the quality of life and performance of a university student population. Headache 2001; 41(7):710-9.

Deleu D, Khan MA, Humaidan H, Al Mantheri Z, Al Hashami S. Prevalence and clinical characteristics of headache in medical students in oman. Headache 2001; 41(8): 798-804.

Tekle Haimanot R, Seraw B, Forsgren L, Ekbom K, Ekstedt J. Migraine, chronic tension-type headache, and cluster headache in an Ethiopian rural community. Cephalalgia 1995; 15(6): 482-8.

Köseoglu E, Naçar M, Talaslioglu A, Cetinkaya F. Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of migraine and tension type headache in 1146 females in Kayseri, Turkey. Cephalalgia 2003; 23(5): 381-8.

Ayatollahi SMT, Darab Zand T, Bozorgi F, Sheibani Monfared F. Prevalence of migraine and Tension type headache among Shiraz University of Medical Science. Kerman Uni Med Sci 1998; 6(3): 141-8. [Persian]

Ayatollahi SMT, Khosravi A. The study of clinical characteristics of Shiraz school children suffering from migraine and tension type headache (2002-2003). J Kermanshah Uni Med Sci 2004; 8(3): 25-32. [Persian]

Ayatollahi SM, Moradi F, Ayatollahi SA. Prevalences of migraine and tension-type headache in adolescent girls of Shiraz (southern Iran). Headache 2002; 42(4): 287-90.

Hamzei Moghadam A, Ghaffari Nejad AR, Bahram Pour B. Prevalence of migraine and depression and Together relation among students of Kerman University of Medical Sciences. J Kerman Uni Med Sci 1997; 4(2): 85-90. [Persian]

Yusefy M. Prevalence of migraine among students of Zanjan University of Medical Science. J Zanjan Uni of Med Sci 1999; 18-24. [Persian]

Ayatollahi SMT, Cheraghian B. Epidemiologic model for risk factors of migraine and tension type headaches among primary schools teachers of Shiraz 2003. J Kerman Uni Med Sci 2004; 12(2): 85-92. [Persian]

Rasmussen BK, Jensen R, Schroll M, Olesen J. Epidemiology of headache in a general population: a prevalence study. J Clin Epidemiol 1991; 44(11): 1147-57.

Honkasalo ML, Kaprio J, Heikkilä K, Sillanpää M, Koskenvuo M. A population-based survey of headache and migraine in 22,809 adults. Headache 1993; 33(8): 403-12.

Dahlöf C, Linde M. One-year prevalence of migraine in Sweden: a population-based study in adults. Cephalalgia 2001; 21(6): 664-71.

Nadery T, Hamzei Moghaddam A, Bahram Pour A. Prevalence of migraine and its associated factors among students with syndrome of pre menstruate. J Kordestan Uni Med Sci 2000; 5(17): 18-21. [Persian]

Quesada-Vázquez AJ, Rodríguez-Santana N. The prevalence of primary headaches in the working population at a psychiatric hospital in Zimbabwe. Rev Neurol 2006; 43(3): 129-31.

Karli N, Akiş N, Zarifoğlu M, Akgöz S, Irgil E, Ayvacioğlu U, et al. Headache prevalence in adolescents aged 12 to 17: a student-based epidemiological study in Bursa. Headache 2006; 46(4): 649-55.

Queiroz LP, Barea LM, Blank N. An epidemiological study of headache in Florianopolis, Brazil. Cephalalgia 2006; 26(2): 122-7.

Iñiguez C, Larrodé P, Mauri JA, Morales F. Clinical features of daily chronic headache. Rev Neurol 1997; 25(143): 1034-7.

Ghaffar Pour M, Harirchian MH, Nadery N. Epidemiology, etiology and clinical survey of headache within visitors of neurology, clinic of Fatemiea hospital. J Semnan Uni Med Sci 1997; 6: 32-8. [Persian]

Scher AI, Stewart WF, Liberman J, Lipton RB. Prevalence of frequent headache in a population sample. Headache 1998; 38(7): 497-506.

Piovesan EJ, Kowacs PA, Lange MC, Pacheco C, Piovesan LR, Werneck LC. Prevalence and semiologic aspects of the idiopathic stabbing headache in a migraine population. Arq Neuropsiquiatr 2001; 59(2-A): 201-5.

Ziegler DK, Hassanein RS, Couch JR. Characteristics of life headache histories in a nonclinic population. Neurology 1977; 27(3): 265-9.

Shirazi B, Etemadi-far M, Mohammad-zade Z, Sadeghi B, Akhavan HR. Survey of patients with headache of view of individual and clinical characteristics, concomitant signs and precipitating factors. J Esfahan Uni Med Sci 1996; 48(15): 88-93. [Persian]

Classification and diagnostic criteria for headache disorders, cranial neuralgias and facial pain. Headache Classification Committee of the International Headache Society [editorial]. Cephalalgia 1988; 8 Suppl 7: 1-96.

Lavados PM, Tenhamm E. Epidemiology of tension-type headache in Santiago, Chile: a prevalence study. Cephalalgia 1998; 18(8): 552-8.

Lipton RB, Stewart WF, Von Korff M. The burden of migraine. A review of cost to society. Pharmacoeconomics 1994; 6(3): 215-21.

Ferrari M D. The economic burden of migraine to society. Pharmacoeconomics 1998; 13(6): 667-76.

Stewart WF, Shechter A, Lipton RB. Migraine heterogeneity. Disability, pain intensity, and attack frequency and duration. Neurology 1994; 44(6 Suppl 4): S24-39.

Ulrich V, Russell MB, Jensen R, Olesen J. A comparison of tension-type headache in migraineurs and in nonmigraineurs: a population-based study. Pain 1996; 67(2-3): 501-6.

Scher AI, Stewart WF, Liberman J, Lipton RB. Prevalence of frequent headache in a population sample. Headache 1998; 38(7): 497-506.

Henry P, Michel P, Brochet B, Dartigues JF, Tison S, SalamonR. A nationwide survey of migraine in France: prevalence and clinical features in adults. GRIM. Cephalalgia 1992; 12(4): 229-37; discussion 186.

Masoud A, Taghaddosi M. Sleep disorders and migraine and tension headache. Pajoohande J 2003; 7(3): 191-3.

Dodick DW, Eross EJ, Parish JM, Silber M. Clinical, anatomical, and physiologic relationship between sleep and headache. Headache 2003; 43(3): 282-92.

Zétola VH, Nóvak EM, Luiz A, Branco BO, Sato BK, Nita CS, et al. Headache incidence in a hospital community. ArqNeuropsiquiatr 1998; 56(3B): 559-64.

Portela LF, Rotenberg L, Waissmann W. Self-reported health and sleep complaints among nursing personnel working under 12 h night and day shifts. Chronobiol Int 2004; 21(6): 859-70.

Rasmussen BK. Epidemiology and socio-economic impact of headache. Cephalalgia 1999; 19 Suppl 25: 20-.

How to Cite
1.
Ayatollahi SMT, Sahebi L, Borhani Haghighi A. Epidemiologic and Clinical Characteristics of Migraine and Tension-Type Headaches among Hospitals Staffs of Shiraz (Iran). Acta Med Iran. 47(2):115-120.
Section
Articles