The Study of Life Change Unit as Stressor Agents among Tehran University of Medical Sciences Hospitals' Employees

  • Hossein Dargahi Department of Health Care Management, School of Allied Health Sciences, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Mohammad Kazem Sharifiy Yazdi Department of Clinical Laboratory Sciences, School of Allied Health Sciences, Tehran University of Medical Sciences , Tehran, Iran.
Keywords: Life change unit, health, employee, hospitals, stress

Abstract

Life crises as stressor agents can disrupt the best stress management regime. Different life crises have different impacts. A standard scale to rate change and its related stress impact has been developed commonly referred to as LCU (Life Change Unit) Rating. This allocates a number of Life Crisis Units or Life Change Units (LCUs) to different event and then evaluates them and takes action accordingly. This idea behind this approach of is to rundown the LCU table, totaling the LCUs for life crisis that have occurred in the previous one year. A Cross - sectional, descriptive and analytical study was conducted among 900 Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS) Employees by a Holms and Rahe LCU questionnaire at 15 hospitals. The respondents were asked to determine their demographic information, list of stress symptoms which suffered from these diseases in the previous one year and finally, responded to 45 Life Change Unit as stressful life events and the value of each in "stress units" which occurred in the previous one year. The results showed that there is significant correlation between the employees LCU rating by sex, educational degree and size of hospital. Also we found that there are significant correlations between the employees stress symptoms with their LCU rating. Totally, 40% of the employees have less than 150 LCU rating (normal range) and 60% of them have 150-300 or more than 300 LCU rating (abnormal range). In conclusion most of TUMS hospitals' employees who had stress symptoms have more LCU rating. One third of these employees are not in danger of suffering the illness effect, while two third of them are in danger.

References

Sailer HR, Schlacter J, Edwards MR. Stress: causes, consequences, and coping strategies. Personnel 1982;59(4):35-48.

Selye H. The Stress of Life. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company; 1979.

Kua EH, Ko SM, Ung K, Fones CSL. Stress and Mental Stress and Stress Management. Singapore: SNP Publishing Private LTD; 2000.

Monograph on the Internet: Anonymous. Life Change Unit Stress Rating. 2005. Available from: URL:http://www.bestliquid vitamins.com

Cryer B, McCarty R, Childre D. Pull the plug on stress. Harvard Business Rev 2003;81(7):102-7.

Horan AP. An effective workplace stress management intervention: Chicken Soup for the Soul at Work Employee Groups. Work 2002;18(1):3-13.

Michailidis M, Georgiou Y. Employee occupational stress in banking. Work 2005;24(2):123-37.

Houben GJ. Production control and chronic stress in work,organizations. Int J Health Serv 1991;21(2):309-27.

Johnson RP. Easing the burden of stress. A stress management program can help eldercare professionals cope. Health Prog 1991;72(1):56-9.

Trubshaw EA, Dollard MF. Representation of work stress in an Australian public hospital. A case study. AAOHN J2001;49(9):437-44.

Petterson IL, Arnetz BB. Psychosocial stressors and wellbeing in health care workers. The impact of an intervention program. Soc Sci Med 1998;47(11):1763-72.

Monograph on the Internet: Anonymous. The impact of Life crisis, and how to minimize them. 2005. Available from: URL:http://www.mindtolls.com

Monograph on the Internet: Anonymous. Stress Management. 1985. Michigan State University, Extension Home-page 1714 B. Available from: URL:http://www.msue.msu.edu

Monograph on the Internet: Anonymous. Stress Management: Fundamentals for Managers. 2005. Available from: URL:http://www.trainingclasses.com

Monograph on the internet: Anonymous. Stress Management Training, Two day workshop. 2005. Available from: URL:http://www.associatedtraining.com.uk

Ohlson CG, Söderfeldt M, Söderfeldt B, Jones I, Theorell T. Stress markers in relation to job strain in human service organizations. Psychother Psychosom 2001;70(5):268-75.

Monograph on the Internet: Anonymous. Life Change and the level of rape impact. J Health and Social Behavior 1980;21(3):248-60.

Pekkarinen L, Sinervo T, Perälä ML, Elovainio M. Work stressors and the quality of life in long-term care units. Gerontologist 2004;44(5):633-43.

How to Cite
1.
Dargahi H, Sharifiy Yazdi MK. The Study of Life Change Unit as Stressor Agents among Tehran University of Medical Sciences Hospitals’ Employees. Acta Med Iran. (No. 4):255-259.
Section
Articles