Acta Medica Iranica 2016. 54(2):146-150.

Vitamin D Deficiency among Female Nurses of Children’s Medical Center Hospital and Its Related Factors
Hamid Rajebi, Ahmad Khodadad, Golshan Fahimi, Hassan Abolhassani

Abstract


Vitamin D deficiency is one of the most preventable challenges worldwide. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency among female nurses working at Children’s Medical Center Hospital in Tehran, Iran, due to the risk factor of being a notably long period indoors and the fact that their health status may have consequences on the process of patients’ treatment. A total of 114 female nurses who were at least 20 years old entered the study voluntarily, and a questionnaire was applied to collect information on lifestyle and other factors associated with vitamin D deficiency. A sample of blood was taken to measure 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD) and cut off value to indicate deficiency was considered below 10ng/ml, and the amounts of 10-29ng/ml were declared insufficient. The mean of 25-OHD was 11.7±9.3ng/ml. A total of 79 subjects (69.3%) had a deficient level of vitamin D, 28 subjects (24.6%) had an insufficient level and only 7 subjects (6.1%) had sufficient level of vitamin D. The deficiency was more noticeable in the age group of 26-35 years old. Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency had a significant correlation with younger subjects (P<0.001). There was no significant association among other factors such as body mass index (BMI), health status complications, regular exercise, and duration of sun exposure. High prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in the study population leads to emphasise the need to screen health care workers for vitamin D levels.


Keywords


Vitamin D deficiency; Prevalence; Nurse

Full Text:

PDF

References


Holick MF. Vitamin D deficiency. N Engl J Med 2007;357(3):266-81.

Thomas KM, Lioyd-Jones DH, Thadhani RI, et al. Hypovitaminosis D in medical inpatients. N England J Med 1998;338(12):777-83.

Holick MF. Sunlight and vitamin D for bone health and prevention of autoimmune diseases,ancers, and cardiovascular disease. Am J Clin Nutr 2004;80(6 Suppl):1678S-88S.

Bouillon R. Vitamin D: From photosynthesis, metabolism, and action to clinical applications. In: DeGroot LJ, Jameson JL, editors. Endocrinology. 4th ed. Philadelphia: WB Saunders; 2001: 1009-28.

Bouillon R, Carmeliet G, Daci E, et al. Vitamin D metabolism and action. Osteoporos Int 1998;8(Suppl2):S13-9.

Moussavi M, Heidipour R, Aminoroaya A. Prevalence of Vitamin D deficiency in Isfahan high school students in 2004. Horm Res 2005;64(3):144-8.

Shahla A, Charehsaz S, Talebi R, et al. Vitamin D deficiency in young females with musculoskeletal complaints in Urmia, Northwest of Iran. Iran J Med Sci 2005;30(2):88-90.

Salek M, Hashemipour M, Aminorroaya A, et al. Vitamin D deficiency in pregnant women and their newborns in Isfahan, Iran. Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes 2008;116(6):352-6.

Lips P. Worldwide status of vitamin D nutrition. J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol 2010;121(1-2):297-300.

Arabi A, El Rassi R, El-Hajj Fuleihan G. Hypovitaminosis D in developing countries_prevalence,risk factors and outcomes. Nat Rev Endocrinal 2010;6(10):550-61.

Azizi F, Raiszadeh F, Mir Said Ghazi A. Vitamin D deficiency in a group of Tehran population. Res Med 2000;4:291-303.

Fonesca V, Tongia R, el-Hasmi M, et al. Exposure to sunlight and vitamin D deficiency in Saudi Arabian women. Postgrad Med J 1984;60(707):589-91.

Hashemipur S, Larijani B, Adibi H, et al. Vitamin D deficiency and causative factors in population of Tehran. BMC Public Health 2004;4(1):38.

Hovsepian S, Amini M, Aminorroaya A, et al. Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency among adult population of Isfahan City, Iran. J Health Popul Nutr 2011;29(2):149-55.

Kaykhaei MA, Hashemi M, Narouie B, et al. High prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in Zahedan, southeast Iran. Ann Nutr Metab 2011;58(1):37-41

Mansoor S, Habib A, Ghani F, et al. Prevalence and significance of vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency among apparently healthy adults. Clin Biochem 2010;43(18):1431-5.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License which allows users to read, copy, distribute and make derivative works for non-commercial purposes from the material, as long as the author of the original work is cited properly.