Acta Medica Iranica 2018. 56(3):210-213.

A Rare Case of Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura After Cardiac Surgery
Aghygh Heidari, Feridoun Sabzi


Here we report a case of postoperative thrombocytopenia (TTP) in a 77-year-old case that has been undergoing  mitral valve replacement with combined coronary  artery bypass grafting. In the 5th days of operation, his platelet count was reduced and despite platelet transfusion, his platelet count reaches to a minimum level of 15000 µg/mL on the 34th day of surgery. Despite platelet transfusion and plasmapheresis, platelet count continues to decrease and signs and symptoms of disseminated intravascular coagulation appeared by unexpectable renal and pulmonary bleeding.  Finally high dose, steroid therapy was started and after some days, platelets count raised to 80000 µg/mL. DIC was recovered, but  acute renal failure  did not respond to medical and hemodialysis and the case expired with sudden cardiac arrest and ventricular fibrillation.we conclude that if  the  diagnosis of TTP was made earlier in the course of disease by consulting internist  and steroids was instituted  it might prevent  ARF and its poor outcome.


Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura; Thoracic surgery; Thrombocytopenia

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