Acta Medica Iranica 2009. 47(1):31-34.

Childhood Arthritis: Rate of Different Types
Mohammad Mehdi Karambin, Hooman Hashemian

Abstract


To determine the rate of different types of arthritis in children. We prepared a retrospective descriptive study and included the whole 100 cases of arthritis referred to 17-Shahrivar Hospital, Rasht, Guilan during a 3 years period. Using their medical files, data including age, sex, season of admission, history of trauma, signs and symptoms, lab findings and duration of hospitalization were collected. SPSS 13.0 (statistical software) applied for statistical analysis. The most common age of involvement ranged 6-9 years. Septic arthritis, brucellosis, and rheumatoid fever were the most frequent causes of arthritis in our study. Fever and restricted range of motion had the highest rate among different signs and symptoms. Lab data demonstrated leukocytosis, positive CRP, and increased ESR among 74, 79.5, and 73 percent of our patients, respectively. According to the high prevalence of septic arthritis and the arthritis due to brucellosis and rheumatoid fever, it seems that mentioned diseases are still major problems in the issue of hygiene management.


Keywords


Childhood; arthritis; septic; brucellosis

Full Text:

PDF

References


Brewer EJ Jr, Giannini EH. Standard methodology for Segment I, II, and III Pediatric Rheumatology Collaborative Study Group studies. I. Design. J Rheumatol 1982; 9(1): 109-13.

Kunnamo I, Kallio P, Pelkonen P, Hovi T. Clinical signsand laboratory tests in the differential diagnosis of arthritis in children. Am J Dis Child 1987; 141(1): 34-40.

Mackie SL, Keat A. Poststreptococcal reactive arthritis: what is it and how do we know? Rheumatology (Oxford) 2004; 43(8): 949-54.

Guidelines for the diagnosis of rheumatic fever. Jones Criteria, 1992 update. Special Writing Group of the Committee on Rheumatic Fever, Endocarditis, and Kawasaki Disease of the Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young of the American Heart Association [editorial]. JAMA 1992; 268(15): 2069-73.

Cassidy JT, Sullivan DB, Petty RE. Clinical patterns of chronic iridocyclitis in children with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Rheum 1977; 20(2 Suppl): 224-7.

Martel W, Holt JF, Cassidy JT. Roentgenologic manifestations of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Am J Roentgenol Radium Ther Nucl Med 1962; 88: 400-23.

Samilson RL, Bersani FA, Watkins MB. Acute suppurative arthritis in infants and children; the importance of early diagnosis and surgical drainage. Pediatrics 1958; 21(5): 798-804.

Symmons DP, Jones M, Osborne J, Sills J, Southwood TR, Woo P. Pediatric rheumatology in the United Kingdom: data from the British Pediatric Rheumatology Group National Diagnostic Register. J Rheumatol 1996; 23(11): 1975-80.

Hashkes PJ, Laxer RM. Medical treatment of juvenile idiopathic arthritis. JAMA 2005; 294(13): 1671-84.

Kunnamo I, Kallio P, Pelkonen P. Incidence of arthritis in urban Finnish children. A prospective study. Arthritis Rheum 1986; 29(10): 1232-8.

von Koskull S, Truckenbrodt H, Holle R, Hörmann A. Incidence and prevalence of juvenile arthritis in an urban population of southern Germany: a prospective study. Ann Rheum Dis 2001; 60(10): 940-5.

Huppertz HI, Böhme M, Standaert SM, Karch H, Plotkin SA. Incidence of Lyme borreliosis in the Würzburg region of Germany. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 1999; 18(10): 697-703.

Ayoub EM, Alsaeid K. Acute rheumatic fever and post streptococcal reactive arthritis. In: Cassidy JT, Petty RE, editors. Textbook of Pediatric Rheumatology. 4th ed. Philadelphia: WB Saunders; 2001. p. 690-705.

Sharda DC, Lubani M. A study of brucellosis in childhood. Clin Pediatr (Phila) 1986; 25(10): 492-5.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License which allows users to read, copy, distribute and make derivative works for non-commercial purposes from the material, as long as the author of the original work is cited properly.