Acta Medica Iranica 2009. 47(2):154-156.

Spontaneous Endometriosis of the Abdominal Wall
Loabat Geranpaye, Mohsen Fadaei-Araghi, Shirin Irani, Behnam Shakiba

Abstract


Abdominal wall endometriosis, the commonest type of extra-pelvic endometriosis, may rarely develop spontaneously in the absence of prior surgical scar. We aim to report 3 cases with this unique characteristic, two of them with a diagnosis of unusual development of umbilical endometriosis and one with inguinal endometriosis, from the perspective of a general surgeon. Because of the potential pitfalls in its diagnosis, endometriosis should be emphasized in the differential diagnosis of abdominal wall masses.


Keywords


Endometriosis; Spontaneous; umbilicus; inguinal

Full Text:

PDF

References


Steck WD, Helwig EB. Cutaneous endometriosis. Clin Obstet Gynecol 1966; 9(2): 373-83.

Franklin RR, Navarro C. Extragenital endometriosis. Prog Clin Biol Res 1990; 323: 289-95.

Yu CY, Perez-Reyes M, Brown JJ, Borrello JA. MR appearance of umbilical endometriosis. J Comput Assist Tomogr 1994; 18(2): 269-71.

Sataloff DM, La Vorgna KA, McFarland MM. Extrapelvic endometriosis presenting as a hernia: clinical reports and review of the literature. Surgery 1989; 105(1): 109-12.

Franklin RR, Navarro C. Extragenital endometriosis. In: Chadha DR, Buttran VC, editors. Current Concepts in Endometriosis. New York: Alan R. Liss, Inc; 1990. p. 289.

Michowitz M, Baratz M, Stavorovsky M. Endometriosis of the umbilicus. Dermatologica 1983; 167(6): 326-30.

Steck WD, Helwig EB. Cutaneous endometriosis. JAMA 1965; 191: 167-70.

Albrecht LE, Tron V, Rivers JK. Cutaneous endometriosis. Int J Dermatol 1995; 34(4): 261-2.

Witz CA. Current concepts in the pathogenesis of endometriosis. Clin Obstet Gynecol 1999; 42(3): 566-85.

Fair KP, Patterson JW, Murphy RJ, Rudd RJ. Cutaneous deciduosis. J Am Acad Dermatol 2000; 43(1 Pt 1): 102-7.

Majeski J, Craggie J. Scar endometriosis developing after an umbilical hernia repair with mesh. South Med J 2004; 97(5): 532-4.

Brzezinski A, Durst AL. Endometriosis presenting as an inguinal hernia. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1983; 146(8): 982-3.

Candiani GB, Vercellini P, Fedele L, Vendola N, Carinelli S, Scaglione V. Inguinal endometriosis: pathogenetic and clinical implications. Obstet Gynecol 1991; 78(2): 191-4.

Boggi U, del Chiaro M, Pietrabissa A, Mosca F. Extrapelvic endometriosis associated with occult groin hernias. Can J Surg 2001; 44(3): 224.

Yu CY, Perez-Reyes M, Brown JJ, Borrello JA. MR appearance of umbilical endometriosis. J Comput Assist Tomogr 1994; 18(2): 269-71.

Wolf GC, Singh KB. Cesarean scar endometriosis: a review. Obstet Gynecol Surv 1989; 44(2): 89-95.

Patterson GK, Winburn GB. Abdominal wall endometriomas: report of eight cases. Am Surg 1999; 65(1): 36-9.

Alexiadis G, Lambropoulou M, Deftereos S, Giatromanolaki A, Sivridis E, Manavis J. Abdominal wallendometriosis: ultrasound research: a diagnostic problem. Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol 2001; 28(2): 121-2.

Nirula R, Greaney GC. Incisional endometriosis: an underappreciated diagnosis in general surgery. J Am Coll Surg 2000; 190(4): 404-7.

Dwivedi AJ, Agrawal SN, Silva YJ. Abdominal wall endometriomas. Dig Dis Sci 2002; 47(2): 456-61.

Simsir A, Thorner K, Waisman J, Cangiarella J. Endometriosis in abdominal scars: a report of three cases diagnosed by fine-needle aspiration biopsy. Am Surg 2001; 67(10): 984-6.

Koger KE, Shatney CH, Hodge K, McClenathan JH. Surgical scar endometrioma. Surg Gynecol Obstet 1993; 177(3): 243-6.

Matthes G, Zabel DD, Nastala CL, Shestak KC. Endometrioma of the abdominal wall following combined abdominoplasty and hysterectomy: case report and review of the literature. Ann Plast Surg 1998; 40(6): 672-5.

Zhao X, Lang J, Leng J, Liu Z, Sun D, Zhu L. Abdominal wall endometriomas. Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2005; 90(3): 218-22.

Purvis RS, Tyring SK. Cutaneous and subcutaneous endometriosis. Surgical and hormonal therapy. J Dermatol Surg Oncol 1994; 20(10): 693-5.

Hitti IF, Glasberg SS, Lubicz S. Clear cell carcinoma arising in extraovarian endometriosis: report of three cases and review of the literature. Gynecol Oncol 1990; 39(3): 314-20.

Ideyi SC, Schein M, Niazi M, Gerst PH. Spontaneous endometriosis of the abdominal wall. Dig Surg 2003; 20(3): 246-8.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License which allows users to read, copy, distribute and make derivative works for non-commercial purposes from the material, as long as the author of the original work is cited properly.