Acta Medica Iranica 2012. 50(5):328-334.

A Survey of Characteristics of Self-Immolation in the East of Iran
Omid Mehrpour, Seyed Alireza Javadinia, Claudia Malic, Saeed Dastgiri, Alireza Ahmadi

Abstract


The aim of this study was investigating the characteristic and outcome of self-immolation cases admitted to the Burn Centre of Birjand, Iran over an eight year period. This study is a retrospective review of case notes for patients with self-Immolation and admitted to our referral burn centre in the last 8 years (January 2003-January 2011). A performa was designed to collect the data such as: demographic information, length of hospital stay, extent of the burn injuries as %TBSA (Total Body Surface Area) and final outcome. Data was analyzed by SPSS software. Between 2003 and 2011, 188 self-immolation cases admitted. The mean age was 26.97 ±12.6 years. Female to male ratio was 1.7:1. Housewives represented the largest group (43.1%) and kerosene was the most frequent agent used (74.6%). There was significant different between mortality and TBSA and low educational level (P=0.0001). There was a significant fluctuation time trend in the incidence (per 100,000 population) of self-immolation from 2003 (4.64, CI 95%: 4.62-4.65) to 2008 (5.2, CI 95%: 5.19-5.21). Mortality rate was 64%. The survival rates at three weeks survival for patients who self-immolated was 24 percent (CI 95%: 17-31). The mean and median survival times were 6 days (CI 95%: 4.8-7.2) and 17.5 days (CI 95%: 13.3-21.6), respectively. Our study has shown a lower incidence of self-immolation (5.3%) in the South Khorasan region, when compared with other parts of Iran, as well as a relatively low mortality rate. We have also reported self-immolation in pregnant women which has rarely been reported in medical literature.


Keywords


Self-immolation; Prognosis; Iran, South Khorasan

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