A Novel Protocol for Gastric Lavage in Patients with Aluminum Phosphide Poisoning: A Double-Blind Study

  • Babak Mostafazadeh Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Loghman Hakim Hospital Poison Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. AND Toxicological Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Esmaeil Farzaneh Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran.
Keywords: Aluminum Phosphide, Poisoning, Gastric lavage, Novel treatment

Abstract

Aluminum phosphide poisoning (ALPP) still has no efficient and approved antidote. Supportive care and hemodynamic monitoring are the only choices of treatment. We proposed a new lavage formulation in addition to evaluation of its efficacy and defining the impact of clinical characteristics of patients on their prognosis. During eight months period of time, 120 patients were enrolled to the study and randomly received two different gastric lavage protocols. Our new lavage protocol had positive impact on patients' survival and the P-value in comparison with the classic gastric lavage method was close to significant level (P=0.054). On hospital arrival indication for intubation-ventilation as well as sense of thirst, sore throat and absence of nausea indicate worse outcome. Using our novel approach, indication for intubation-ventilation as well as sense of thirst, sore throat and absence of nausea can be considered as applicable prognostic factors in survival of ALPP patients. Further studies are required to set this approach as preferred treatment.

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How to Cite
1.
Mostafazadeh B, Farzaneh E. A Novel Protocol for Gastric Lavage in Patients with Aluminum Phosphide Poisoning: A Double-Blind Study. Acta Med Iran. 50(8):530-534.
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