Quantum leadership: the implication for Iranian nursing leaders.
AbstractQuantum organizations are referred where stakeholders know how to access the infinite potential of the quantum field. Viewing healthcare organizations from perspective of quantum theory suggest new approaches into management techniques for effective and efficient delivery of healthcare services. This research is aimed to determine the quantum skills, quantum leadership characteristics and functions of Tehran University of Medical Sciences hospitals' nursing administrators. A cross-sectional, descriptive and analytical study was conducted among 25 nursing administrators of Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS) hospitals, Tehran, Iran. The research tool for data collection was a self-constructed questionnaire that measured the quantum skills, quantum leadership characteristics and functions of TUMS hospitals' nursing administrators. The validity of questionnaire was confirmed by 5 management science experts and its reliability was performed by using test-retest method yielded a Cronbach's alpha coefficient of 0.90. Data were collected and analyzed by SPSS software and t-test statistical methods. The results of this research showed that all respondents had desired quantum skills (75.71±5.98), quantum leadership characteristics (82.01±6.77), and quantum leadership functions (78.57±6.28) and total quantum leadership (78.76±4.50). Also, passing management training courses of the respondents was significantly correlated with their quantum leadership. Iranian healthcare organizations require quantum leadership that provides an important resource to advance Iranian nursing leadership to the organizational excellence. We hope Iranian hospitals' nursing leaders who have quantum skills potentially, present a highly developed sense of self and the ability to improve nursing care outcomes in these hospitals.
Shelton C. Quantum leaps. Boston, MA: Butterworth- Heinemann; 1999: 3990.
Quigley ME. Quantum organization. Executive Excellence 1997;14(5):14.
Snyman L. South African executive leadership an art form: skills requirements. Master’s dissertation, Gordon Institute of Business Science, University of Pretoria; 2008.
Shelton CD and Darling JR. From theory to practice: using new science concepts to create learning organizations. The Learning Organizations 2003;10(6):353-60.
Youngblood MD. Leadership at the edge of chaos: from control to creativity. Strategy & Leadership 1997; 25(5):8.
Jacobs R. Using real time strategic change: how to involve an entire organization in fast and far reaching change. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehle; 1994;p.1-4.
Wheatly M, Kellner-Rogers M. A simpler way. San Francisco: Berrett-koehler; 1999;P.20.
Houston J. The Possible human. Los Angeles: J P Tarcher 1982;p.78-80.
Childre DL. Cut-thru: Achieve Total Security and Maximum Energy. Boulder Creek: Planetary Publications; 1996;p.55-7.
Gribben JR. In research of Schroedinger’s cat: quantum physics and reality. New York: Bantam; 1984: 91-94.
Darling J and Fogliasso C. Conflict management in thesmall business firm. Journal of Contemporary Business Issues 1997;5(1): 1-11.
Weisbord M and Janoff S. Future research: an action guide to finding common ground in organizations and communities (2nd ed.). San Francisco: Berrett-Koehlor; 2000;p.7-10.
Robbins SP. Organizational behavior. (15th ed.). NJ: Prentice-Hall; 2012;p.501-5.
Cooperrider DL, Sorensen PF, Whitney D and Yaeger TF. (Eds). Appreciative inquiry: rethinking human organization toward a positive theory of change. Champaign, IL: Stipes Publishing; 2000;p.1-24.
Rose C and Nicholl M. Accelerated learning for the 21st century: the six-step plan to unlock your master-mind. New York: Delacorte; 1997;p.62-9.
Zohar D. The quantum self: human nature and consciousness defined by the new physics. New York: William Morrow, 1991;p.49-51.
Owen H. Expanding our now: the story of open space technology. San Francisco: Berrett-Kochler Publishers, Inc; 1997;p.23-5.
Kilmann RH. Quantom organizations: a new paradigm for achieving organizational success and personal meaning. Newport Coast, CA: Kilmann Diagnostics 2011;p.42-5.
Shelton CD, Yang J, Liu Q. Managing in an age of complexity: quantum skills for the new millennium. International Journal of Human Resources Development and Management 2005;5(2):127-141.
Anderson RA, McDaniel RR Jr. Managing healthcareorganizations: where professionalism meets complexity science. Health Care Manage Rev 2000;25(1):83-92.
McDaniel RR Jr. Strategic leadership: a view from quantum and chaos theories. Health Care Manage Rev 1997;22(1):21-37.
Snyman L. South African executive leadership an art form. MBA dissertation, University of Pretoria, Pretoria. 2007; http:// upetd. wp. ac. za/ thesis/ available/ etd- 03252010-1640371.
Shelton C and Darling JR. The quantum skills model in management: a new paradigm to enhance effective leadership. Leadership & Organization Development Journal 2001; 22(6): 264-273.
Monograph on the internet. Wolfe N. What is quantum leader. Quantum leader: executing strategy increasing velocity. Available from: www.quantum leader.com, Accessed at 2012.
Monograph on the internet. Anonymous. Quantum leadership- leading and managing in turbulent times.Innovations International Inc. Available from www.innovint.com/services/leadership1.php, Accessed at 2012.
Vance C, Larson E. Leadership research in business and healthcare. J Nurs Scholarsh 2012;34(2):165-71.
Monograph on the internet. Tye J. Cultural transformation in healthcare settings. Hospitals & Health Networks Daily. Available from: www.hhnmag.com,id=2380004197, Accessed at 2012.
Monograph on the internet. Wanjiru MW. What does nursing leadership aim at? Articlebase. Available from: www.artichbase.com, Accessed at 2012.
Porter-O’Grady T. Quantum mechanics and the future of healthcare leadership. J Nurs Adm 1997; 27(1):15-20.
Porter-O’Grady T. Quantum leadership: new roles for a new age. J Nurs Adm 1999; 29(10):37-42.
Malloch K and Porter-O’Grady T. Partnership economics: nursing’s challenge in a quatum age. Nurs Econ 1999; 17(6):299-307.
Shelton SD, McKenna MK and Darling JR. Leading in the age of paradox: optimizing behavioral style, job fit and cultural cohesion. Leadership & Organization Development Journal 2002;23(7): 239-372.
Karakas F and Kavas M. Creative Brainstorming and integrative thinking: skills for twenty-first century managers. Development Learning Organanization 2008;22(2):8-12.
Zohar D. Rewiring the corporate brain images of organizations: using the new science to rethink how we structure and lead organizations. San Francisco: Berrett- Koehler; 1997: 10-74.
Greenleaf RK. Servant leadership: a journey into the nature of legitimate power and greatness. Mahwah: PaulistPress; 2005: 3-5.
Haigh C. Using chaos theory: the implications for nursing. Journal of Advanced Nursing 2002; 37(5):462-9.
Spears LC. Character and servant leadership: ten characteristics of effective, caring leaders. The Journal of Virtues & Leadership 2010; 1(1): 25-30.
Parter-O’Grady T and Malloch K. Quantum leadership: a resource for healthcare innovation. 2nd Edition. Sadbury: Jones & Bartlett Publishers; 2007: 50-52.
Korzybski A. Science and sanity: an introduction to non- Aristotelian systems and general semantics. 5th Edition. Englewood: Institute of General Semantics; 1994: 133-151.
Heller BR Drenkard K, Esposito-Herr MB, Romano C, TOM S and Valentine N. Educating nurses for leadership roles. The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing 2004; 35(5):203-12.