Cardio-metabolic risk factors in Iranian children: where we are and the others?

  • Setila Dalili Department of Pediatric Center, Pediatric Growth Disorder Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Guilan, Iran AND Departments of Health Center, School of Health, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Guilan, Iran.
  • Seyed Mahmood Rezvani Departments of Health Center, School of Health, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Guilan, Iran.
  • Hossein Dalili Departments of Pediatrics, Breastfeeding Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Zahra Mohtasham Amiri Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Guilan, Iran.
  • Hamid Mohammadi Departments of Pediatrics, Pediatric Growth Disorder Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, International Branch, Fars, Iran.
  • Abdolreza Medghalchi Department of Ophthalmology, Eye Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Guilan, Iran.
  • Mohamad Hossein Novin Departments of Health Center, School of Health, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Guilan, Iran.
  • Hajar Gholamnezhad Departments of Health Center, School of Health, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Guilan, Iran.
Keywords: Cardio-metabolic risk factors, Dyslipidemia, Obesity, Hypertriglyceridemia, Hypercholesterolemia


Rising obesity incidence and its complications have lead to change of our view about cardio-metabolic risk factors and need of reassessment of these complications in childhood age. The aim of current study was to evaluate prevalence of obesity and related cardio-metabolic risk factors of children. This was a cross-sectional study in a representative sample of 12 years old children in Rasht, the biggest city in north of Iran. Participants were interviewed and examined by a trained research team and demographic characteristics, detailed examination (height - weight - blood pressure) were recorded. Blood samples were drawn for biochemical testing including Fasting blood sugar, Triglyceride, Cholesterol, HDL & LDL. Data analysis was done using SPSS software. Total participants were 858 children and 550(64%) were male. Prevalence of underweight, normal weight, overweight, obese were 22.5%, 54.4%, 11.3%, 11.8%, respectively. The prevalence of cardio-metabolic risk factors included hypercholesterolemia (6.7%), hypertriglyceridemia (33.6%), high LDL (5.9%), low HDL (28 %), high systolic (7.6%) & diastolic blood pressure (10.6%) (> percentile) and abnormal carbohydrate metabolism (12%) revealed hypertriglyceridemia as the most common dyslipidemia. Correlation analysis didn't show significant correlation between BMI & FBS but LDL, Cholesterol and TG had week positive correlation with BMI (Pearson correlation: 0.161, 0.285, 0.222 respectively, p value <0.001). Obesity and dyslipidemia are common problems in this area and we should note to screen cardiometabolic risk factors in addition of obesity, especially in children with rapid weight gain. This study highly recommended more investigation to evaluate final effect of these factors in adulthood.


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How to Cite
Dalili S, Rezvani SM, Dalili H, Mohtasham Amiri Z, Mohammadi H, Medghalchi A, Novin MH, Gholamnezhad H. Cardio-metabolic risk factors in Iranian children: where we are and the others?. Acta Med Iran. 52(11):831-836.