Acta Medica Iranica 2014. 52(5):414-417.

Arterial glomerulus at the hilum of the right kidney and the abnormal course of the right testicular artery: a case report.
Badagabettu Satheesha Nayak, Naveen Kumar, Srinivasa Rao Sirasanagandla, Regunathan Deepthinath


Variations in the origin of arteries in the abdomen are very common. With the invention of new operative techniques within the abdomen cavity, the anatomy of abdominal vessels has assumed a great deal of clinical importance. We report here a rare case of formation of an "arterial glomerulus" at the hilum of the right kidney by the branches of right renal artery. There were 2 renal veins; a superficial and a deep. The deep vein had a peculiar course through the arterial glomerulus. The right testicular vein drained into the deep renal vein. We also observed a variant origin and course of right testicular artery. Prior knowledge of unusual branching pattern of renal vessels is necessary in the surgical interventions which require hilar dissection. Similarly, abnormal origin or course of testicular artery becomes apparent during surgical procedures like varicocele and undescended testes. Therefore, knowledge of such an anomaly in the testicular artery helps to avoid iatrogenic injuries during radiological or surgical procedures.


Renal artery; Renal vein; Testicular artery; Varicocele; Arterial glomerulus

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