Acta Medica Iranica 2014. 52(9):694-696.

A single center study of the effects of trained fathers' participation in constant breastfeeding.
Khadijeh Raeisi, Mamak Shariat, Fatemeh Nayeri, Farima Raji, Hosein Dalili


Constant breastfeeding that depends on the family support. Fathers' involvement is as an important factor of successful breastfeeding. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of fathers' participation in constant breastfeeding in Vali-E-Asr Hospital, Tehran, Iran. This interventional study was piloted on spouses of pregnant women participating in pregnancy courses. The case group consisted of fathers attending training courses of breastfeeding during pregnancy (Group A), and the control group was made up of fathers who did not take part in training courses (Group B). The courses were held three times from the 30th week of gestation to the end of pregnancy in a family health research center. Fathers attended three training sessions where they were trained by brochures. After delivery newborns were weighted and examined for jaundice (3-5 days, 30 days, three and six months after birth). According to mothers' views, spouses' participation, encouragement and support in group A, was 11 times more than group B. It means that 47 (94%) of spouses in the group A participated in mothers' constant breastfeeding, but fathers' participation in group B was 60% (30 spouses). This study showed that breastfeeding was more constant in the group that fathers participated in breastfeeding training course. One of the reasons for such a significant difference was spouses' participation, encouragement and support in the trained group. This study showed that fathers' involvement in training programs may influence constancy of breastfeeding.


Breastfeeding; Iran; Father; Family support

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