A Case Based-Shared Teaching Approach in Undergraduate Medical Curriculum: A Way for Integration in Basic and Clinical Sciences

  • Soheil Peiman Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Tehran, Iran.
  • Azim Mirzazadeh Department of Internal Medicine, Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. AND Department of Internal Medicine, Health Professions Education Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. AND Department of Medical Education, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Maryam Alizadeh Department of Medical Education, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Sara Mortaz Hejri Department of Medical Education, Health Professions Education Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Mohammad-Taghi Najafi Department of Nephrology, Nephrology Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Abbas Tafakhori Department of Neurology, Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. AND Department of Neurology, Iranian Center of Neurological Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Farnoosh Larti Department of Cardiology, Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Besharat Rahimi Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Advanced Thoracic Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Babak Geraiely Department of Cardiology, Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Parichehr Pasbakhsh Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Gholamreza Hassanzadeh Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Fatemeh Nabavizadeh Rafsanjani Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Mohammad Ansari Department of Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Seyed Farshad Allameh Department of Internal Medicine, Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Keywords: Active learning, Problem based learning, Medical students

Abstract

To present a multiple-instructor, active-learning strategy in the undergraduate medical curriculum. This educational research is a descriptive one. Shared teaching sessions, were designed for undergraduate medical students in six organ-system based courses. Sessions that involved in-class discussions of integrated clinical cases were designed implemented and moderated by at least 3 faculties (clinicians and basic scientists). The participants in this study include the basic sciences medical students of The Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Students’ reactions were assessed using an immediate post-session evaluation form on a 5-point Likert scale. Six two-hour sessions for 2 cohorts of students, 2013 and 2014 medical students during their two first years of study were implemented from April 2014 to March 2015. 17 faculty members participated in the program, 21 cases were designed, and participation average was 60 % at 6 sessions. Students were highly appreciative of this strategy. The majority of students in each course strongly agreed that this learning practice positively contributed to their learning (78%) and provided better understanding and application of the material learned in an integrated classroom course (74%). They believed that the sessions affected their view about medicine (73%), and should be continued in future courses (80%). The percentage demonstrates the average of all courses. The program helped the students learn how to apply basic sciences concepts to clinical medicine. Evaluation of the program indicated that students found the sessions beneficial to their learning.

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Published
2017-05-16
How to Cite
1.
Peiman S, Mirzazadeh A, Alizadeh M, Mortaz Hejri S, Najafi M-T, Tafakhori A, Larti F, Rahimi B, Geraiely B, Pasbakhsh P, Hassanzadeh G, Nabavizadeh Rafsanjani F, Ansari M, Allameh SF. A Case Based-Shared Teaching Approach in Undergraduate Medical Curriculum: A Way for Integration in Basic and Clinical Sciences. Acta Med Iran. 55(4):259-264.
Section
Educational Papers