Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome in Iranian Female Athletes

  • Parisa Nejati Mail Department of Sports Medicine, Rasoul Akram hospital, Tehran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran.
  • Bijan Forogh Department of Physical Medicine and Rrehabilitation, Firuzgar Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran.
  • Reza Moeineddin Department of Radiology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran.
  • Hamid Reza Baradaran Department of Epidemiology, Medical Education & Development Centre, Tehran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran.
  • Mina Nejati Department of Health Technology Assessments, Ministry of Health, Tehran, Iran.
Female athletes, Knee pain, Patellofemoral pain syndrome, Prevalence


Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) is the most common overuse syndrome in athletes. It is one of the causes of anterior knee pain in athletic population who come to the sports medicine clinic. Patellofemoral pain is more common among female athletes especially adolescents and young adults. Symptoms include: persistent pain behind the patella or peripatella. Pain increases on ascending and descending stairs and squatting and prolonged sitting. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of PFPS in Iranian female athletes. 418 female athletes aged 15-35 years were examined in five sports: Soccer (190), volleyball (103), running (42), fencing (45) and rock climbing (38). The athletes who had non- traumatic onset anterior knee pain of at least 3 months that increased in descending and ascending stairs and squatting, had no other causes of anterior knee pain such as ligament instability, bursitis, meniscal injury, tendonitis and arthritis and no history of knee surgery during the one past year were diagnosed as PFPS. 26/190 (13.68 %) soccer players, 21/103(20.38 %) volleyball players, 7/42 (16.66 %) runners, 6/45(13.33 %) fencers and 10/38 (26.31%) rock climbers had patellofemoral pain. Among the 418 female athletes who were evaluated 70 had PFPS. Rock climbers were the most common athletes with PFPS followed by volleyball players and runners.


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How to Cite
Nejati P, Forogh B, Moeineddin R, Baradaran HR, Nejati M. Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome in Iranian Female Athletes. Acta Med Iran. 49(3):169-172.