How Effective is Swedish Massage on Blood Glucose Level in Children with Diabetes Mellitus?


This study was conducted to determine the effect of Swedish massage on blood glucose level in children with diabetes mellitus (DM). It was prospective randomized controlled trial study that conducted on 36 children, 6-12 years old with DM, recruited from a hospital in Qom City, Iran. The children were randomly assigned to intervention and control groups. Swedish massage was performed 15 minutes, 3 times a week, for 3 months in intervention group. The blood glucose levels were evaluated immediately after every session of massage in two groups. The mean ages of children in the intervention (n=18) and control (n=18) groups were 9.05±1.55 and 9.83±2.03 years respectively. There was statistically no significant difference in blood glucose levels before intervention between two groups (P=0.586), but the blood glucose levels were lower significantly in intervention group in comparison with control group after intervention (P<0.0001). Addition of Swedish massage to daily routines; exercise, diet and medication regimens, is an effective intervention to reduce blood glucose level in diabetic children.

Alemzadeh R, Wyatt DT. Diabetes mellitus. In: Kliegman RM, Behrman RE, Jenson HB, Stanton BF, editors. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 18th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007. p. 2404-31.

Dunning T. Complementary therapies and diabetes. Complement Ther Nurs Midwifery 2003;9(2):74-80.

Leese G, Gill G, Houghton G. Prevalence of complementary medicine usage within a diabetic clinic. Pract Diabetes Int 1997;14:207-8.

Ryan E, Pick M, Marceau C. Use of alternative therapies in diabetes mellitus. Proceedings of the American Diabetes Association Conference. USA: San Diego, 1999.

Egede LE, Ye X, Zheng D, Silverstein MD. The prevalence and pattern of complementary and alternative medicine use in individuals with diabetes. Diabetes Care 2002;25(2):324-9.

Wu W, Li C. Diabetes mellitus treated by massage. J Tradit Chin Med 1998;18(1):64-5.

Field T. Massage therapy research methods. In: Lewith G, Jonas WB, editors. Clinical Research in Complementary Therapies. Edinburgh: Harcourt Publishers Limited; 2002. p. 263-88.

Breuner CC. Complementary medicine in pediatrics: a review of acupuncture, homeopathy, massage, and chiropractic therapies. Curr Probl Pediatr Adolesc Health Care 2002;32(10):353-84.

Ezzo J, Donner T, Nickols D, Cox M. Is massage useful in the management of diabetes: a systematic review. Diabetes Spectrum 2001;14(4):218-25.

Mok E, Woo CP. The effects of slow-stroke back massage on anxiety and shoulder pain in elderly stroke patients. Complement Ther Nurs Midwifery 2004;10(4):209-16.

Giffany R, Hernandez-Reif M, LaGreca A, Shaw K, Schenberg K, & Kuhn C. Massage therapy lowers blood glucose levels in children with diabetes. Diabetes Spectrum, 1997; 10: 237–239.

Guthrie DW, Gamble M. Energy therapies and diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Spectrum 2001;14(3):149-53.

Conrad A, Roth WT. Muscle relaxation therapy for anxiety disorders: it works but how? J Anxiety Disord 2007;21(3):243-64.

Goodfellow LM. The effects of therapeutic back massage on psychophysiologic variables and immune function in spouses of patients with cancer. Nurs Res 2003;52(5):318-28.

Field TM. Massage therapy effects. Am Psychol 1998;53(12):1270-81.

Moyer CA, Rounds J, Hannum JW. A meta-analysis of massage therapy research. Psychol Bull 2004;130(1):3-18.

Field T, Morrow C, Valdeon C, Larson S, Kuhn C, Schanberg S. Massage reduces anxiety in child and adolescent psychiatric patients. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 1992;31(1):125-31.

Ironson G, Field T, Scafidi F, Hashimoto M, Kumar M, Kumar A, Price A, Goncalves A, Burman I, Tetenman C,Patarca R, Fletcher MA. Massage therapy is associated with enhancement of the immune system's cytotoxic capacity. Int J Neurosci 1996;84(1-4):205-17.

Beider S, Moyer CA. Randomized controlled trials of pediatric massage: a review. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2007;4(1):23-34.

Hernandez-Reif M, Field T, Krasnegor J,Hossain Z,Theakston H, Burman I. High blood pressure and associated symptoms were reduced by massage therapy. J Bodywork Movement Therapies 2000;4:31-8.

Field T. Massage therapy for infants and children. J Dev Behav Pediatr 1995;16(2):105-11.

Dunn C, Sleep J, Collett D. Sensing an improvement: an experimental study to evaluate the use of aromatherapy, massage and periods of rest in an intensive care unit. J Adv Nurs 1995;21(1):34-40.

Nichols S. Glucose control improves after stress management training. Diabetes Week [online] 2002 Mar 4 [cited 2011 July 15]; Available from: URL: Week/2002-03-04/200203043335DW.html

Surwit RS, van Tilburg MA, Zucker N, McCaskill CC, Parekh P, Feinglos MN, Edwards CL, Williams P, Lane JD. Stress management improves long-term glycemic control in type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care 2002;25(1):30-4.

Jablon SL, Naliboff BD, Gilmore SL, Rosenthal MJ. Effects of relaxation training on glucose tolerance and diabetic control in type II diabetes. Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback 1997;22(3):155-69.

Field T, Hernandez-Reif M, LaGreca A, Shaw KH, Schanberg S, Kuhn C. Massage therapy lowers blood glucose levels in children with diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Spectrum 1997;10:237-9.

IssueVol 49, No 9 (2011) QRcode
Blood glucose Diabetes Mellitus Massage Child

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
How to Cite
Sajedi F, Kashaninia Z, Hoseinzadeh S, Abedinipoor A. How Effective is Swedish Massage on Blood Glucose Level in Children with Diabetes Mellitus?. Acta Med Iran. 1;49(9):592-597.