Spirometric Indices after Bronchodilator Test in Obstructive Lung Disease

  • Amir Houshang Mehrparvar Mail Department of Occupational Medicine, Shahid Rahnamoun Hospital, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.
  • Seyed Jalil Mirmohammadi Department of Occupational Medicine, Shahid Rahnamoun Hospital, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.
  • Mohammad Mehdi Sohrabi Department of Occupational Medicine, Shahid Rahnamoun Hospital, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.
Keywords:
Spirometry, bronchodilator agents, lung disease, obstructive

Abstract

Bronchial responsiveness to bronchodilator medications is usually tested to establish reversibility of airflow obstruction. Among the various tests to establish bronchodilator response, FEV1, FEF25-75% or FEF50%, and FVC are the most widely used. In a cross-sectional study, we assessed spirometric responses after administration of bronchodilator in 187 workers with obstructive pattern in spirometry. Considering responsiveness to bronchodilator (200cc and 12% increase in FEV1 or FVC), the study cases were divided into responsive or non-responsive groups, and the average increase in spirometric indices were measured and compared between two groups. 35.8% of cases were responsive to bronchodilator. Among responsive cases, FEV1 was the most frequent index increased significantly; And PEF and FVC were the least frequent ones. The highest mean increase from baseline after administration of bronchodilator was observed in FEF75%. Increases in all indices were significantly higher in responsive group. The increase in FEV1% predicted was inversely correlated with baseline FEV1. In conclusion, we consider that FEV1 is the most reliable spirometric index for assessing bronchodilator response. And Bronchial reversibility has an inverse relationship with baseline measures.

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How to Cite
1.
Mehrparvar AH, Mirmohammadi SJ, Sohrabi MM. Spirometric Indices after Bronchodilator Test in Obstructive Lung Disease. Acta Med Iran. 48(4):226-230.
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