Matching Evaluation between Occupational Contact Dermatitis and Various Jobs in Yazd in During 2007-2012
Skin disorders comprise more than 35% of all occupationally related diseases. 90-95% of work-related dermatoses are contact dermatitis. Effects of occupational dermatitis in the lives of workers are substantial. To plan any preventive program we need basic statistics of the problem, that we had no reliable one which includes a lot of industries in Iran. Therefore we decided to determine occupational contact dermatitis, and it's subtypes prevalence in various jobs. The objective of this study is determination of occupational contact dermatitis, and it's subtypes prevalence and comparison among various jobs. In this cross -sectional study, we examined 3061 workers of various industries during 2007-2012 and recognized contact dermatitis cases. Irritant and allergic cases were separated according to clinical judgment of physician and patch test using European standard series. We found 271 (prevalence=8.8%) occupational contact dermatitis cases which 247 (91.1%) were irritant, and the rest were allergic. The highest prevalence was in washing powder production and then glaze and paint workers, mechanists and chemical workers were located. There is a great variability for occupational contact dermatitis in various industries and between different countries. These statistics changes during the time by changing in number of workers and their characteristics, variation in material and process and glove use situation. So every country must have a national data bank of occupational contact dermatitis, which must be updated after a period of time.
Mahbub MU. Chowdhury MBChB, FRCP, & Howard I. Maibach, MD. Occupational skin disorders. In: Ladou J Current Occupational & Environmental Medicine. Fourth ed. California 2007:280-297.
Diepgen TL, Coenraads PJ. The epidemiology of occupational contact dermatitis. In: Kanerva L, Elsner P,Wahlberg H, Maibach HI. Handbook of Occupational Dermatology. German 2000:3-16.
Burnett CA, Lushniak BD, McCarthy W, Kaufman J. Occupational dermatitis causing days away from work in U.S. private industry, 1993. Am J Ind Med 1998;34(6):568-73.
Wastky K, Herrick C, Sheretz E, Storrs F. Dermatologic diseases. In:Rosenstock L, Cullen M, Brokin C, Redlich C. Textbook of Clinical Occupational and EnvironmentalMedicine. Second ed. Philadelphia 2005:695-712.
Rietschel RL, Mathias CG, Fowler JF Jr, Pratt M, Taylor JS, Sherertz EF, Marks JG Jr, Belsito DV, Storrs FJ, Maibach HI, Fransway AF, Deleo VA; North American Contact Dermatitis Group. Relationship of occupation tocontact dermatitis: evaluation in patients tested from 1998 to 2000. Am J Contact Dermat 2002;13(4):170-6.
Lodi A, Mancini LL, Ambonati M, Coassini A, Ravanelli G, Crosti C. Epidemiology of occupational cotactdermatitis in a North Italian population. Eur J Dermatol 2000;10(2):128-32.
Keegle T, Cahill J, Noonan A, Dharmage S,Saunders H, Frowen K, Nixon R. Incidence and prevalence rates for occupational contact dermatitis in an Australian suburban area. Contact Dermatitis 2005;52(5):254-9.
Sun CC, Guo YL, Lin RS. Occupational hand dermatitis in a tertiary referral dermatology clinic in Taipei. Contact Dermatitis 1995;33(6):414-8.
Bauer A, Kelterer D, Bartsch R, Schlegel A, Pearson J, Stadeler M, Kleesz P, Grieshaber R, Schiele R, Elsner P, Williams H. Prevention of hand dermatitis in bakers´ apprentices:different efficacy of skin protection measures and UVB hardening. Int Arch Occup Environ Health 2002;75(7):491-9.
Smith DR, Choe MA, Jeong JS, An GJ, Chae YR, JeonMY. Hand dermatitis among Korean nursing students. Int J Nurs Pract 2006;12(3):160-5.
Smith DR, Leggat PA. Hand dermatitis among female nursing students in tropical Ausrralia. Nurs Health Sci 2004;6(2):109-13.
Smith DR,Ohmura K, Yamagata Z. Prevalence and correlates of hand dermatitis among nurses in Japanese teaching hospital. J Epidemiol 2003;13(3):157-61.
Lim YL, Goon ATG. Occupational skin diseases inSingapore 2003-2004:An epidemiologic update. Contact Dermatitis 2007;56(3):157-9.
Kucenic MJ, Belsito DV. Occupational allergic contact dermatitis is more prevalent than irritant contact dermatitis: a 5-year study. J Am Acad Dermatol 2002;46(5):695-9.
Meding B,Barregard L,Marcus K. Hand eczema in car mechanics. Contact Dermatitis 1994;30(3):129-34.
Cole DC, Carpio F, Math JJ, Leon N. Dermatitis in Ecuadorean farm woekers. Cotact Dermatitis1997;37(1):1-8.
Ryberg K, Goossens A, Isaksson M, Gruvberger B, Zimerson E, Nilsson F, Björk J, Hindsén M, Bruze M. Is contanct allergy to disperse dyes and related substances associated with textile dermatitis? Br J Dermatol 2009;160(1):107-15.
Dickel H, Kuss O, Schmidt A, Kretz J, Diepgen T L. Importance of irritant contact dermatitis in occupational skin disease. Am J Clin Dermatol 2002;3(4):283-9.
Bordel-Gomez MT, Miranda-Romero A, Castrodeza-Sanz J. Epidemiology of cotact dermatitis: prevalence of sensitization to different allergens and associated factors. Actas Dermosifiliogr 2010;101(1):59-75.
Funke U, Fartasch M, Diepgen TL. Incidence of workrelated hand eczema during apprenticeship: First results of a prospective cohort study in the car industry. Contact Dermatitis 2001;44(3):166-72.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.