Skin Protective Behavior Amongst Girl Students; Based on Health Belief Model

  • Ali Davati Department of Social Medicine and Health, Faculty of Medicine, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran.
  • Ashraf Pirasteh Department of Social Medicine and Health, Faculty of Medicine, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran.
  • Maryam Yahyaei Department of Social Medicine and Health, Faculty of Medicine, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran.
  • Afsaneh Shakouri Department of Social Medicine and Health, Faculty of Medicine, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran.
Keywords:
Health Belief Model, Protective behaviors, Sunlight

Abstract

Skin cancer is the most prevalent type of cancer in most of the countries and more than 90% of cancer cases are related to ultra violet rays of the sun. Therefore protective behaviors against sunlight are considered the most essential measures for skin cancer prevention. This study has been conducted to determine the frequency of protective behavior against sunlight among female students of Tehran city high schools. The Health Belief Model has been used for this cross-sectional study to analyze the factors related to protective behaviors. A multi-phase sampling method was used. 941 female student of Tehran city high schools were studied using a probed question form. The data were then analyzed using SPSS software. During the study of protective behaviors against the sunlight, 24.7% of participants mentioned that they always use sunscreen. The behavior of using sunscreen is related to perceived sensitivity, severity and benefit amongst the students (P<0.05). Also 3.8% of the students who participated in our study were always using gloves in summer to protect against sunlight. The behavior of using gloves in summer was also related to perceived sensitivity, severity and benefit (P<0.05). Physicians were the most effective influencing people with 84.9% influence on the appropriate decision making by these students. There is a low frequency of protective behavior against sunlight among the female students of Tehran city high schools. These findings show the necessity of training the students in this regard and promote the protective behaviors amongst them.

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How to Cite
1.
Davati A, Pirasteh A, Yahyaei M, Shakouri A. Skin Protective Behavior Amongst Girl Students; Based on Health Belief Model. Acta Med Iran. 51(9):626-632.
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