Comparison of Serum Progesterone in Non-Viable Pregnancy and Ectopic Pregnancy
Ectopic pregnancy (EP) and miscarriage are important differential diagnosis of first trimester vaginal bleeding. In first trimester, serum progesterone value can be 5-20 ng/ml in EP and miscarriage. Since delay in diagnosis of EP could have high mortality and morbidity, the aim of this study was comparison of serum progesterone value in EP and miscarriage in order to differentiate these conditions. A total of 60 patients (30 EP and 30 miscarriages) with gestational age of 5-7 weeks by LMP were enrolled in this study. The titer of progesterone and βhCG of serum were measured. The mean of progesterone and βhCG titers were compared in two groups by Student's t-test. The mean progesterone titer for all patients was 6.36±5.62 ng/ml, with a minimum value of 0.44 and maximum value of 21.50 ng/ml. Serum progesterone level in 33 patients was lower than 5 ng/ml and in 27 patients was between 5-25 ng/ml. Mean serum progesterone for miscarriage was 6.803±5.72 and for EP was 5.915±5.45 ng/ml. Difference between two values was not significant statistically (P=0.067). Mean βhCG for miscarriage was 1313.04 IU/l and for EP 1805.56 IU/l. Mean patients age were 27.2 totally that for miscarriage was 25.8 and for EP 28.5 years. This study indicated, the mean value of progesterone could not differentiate EP from miscarriage.
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