Larvicidal Activities of Some Iranian Native Plants against the Main Malaria Vector, Anopheles stephensi

  • Mahnaz Khanavi Department of Pharmacognosy and Traditional Iranian Medicine Research Center, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Hassan Vatandoost Mail Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Nafiseh Khosravi Dehaghi Department of Pharmacognosy and Medical Plants Research Center, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Alireza Sanei Dehkordi Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Mohammad Mehdi Sedaghat Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Abbas Hadjiakhoondi Department of Pharmacognosy and Medical Plants Research Center, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Farzaneh Hadjiakhoondi Department of Pharmacognosy and Medical Plants Research Center, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Keywords:
Anopheles stephensi, Iranian plant, Larvicidal activities, Methanolic extract

Abstract

Malaria is considered a major health problem in Iran. There are different methods for vector control. In this study we tested the larvicidal effects of some Iranian plants. The methanolic extracts of 11 plants were prepared with percolation method. The larvicidal activities of them against malaria vector, Anopheles stephensi were studied using World Health Organization standard method. All LC50 values of methanolic extracts of plants that we screened were lower than 300 ppm. The methanolic extract of aerial parts of Lawsonia inermis and Stachys byzantina showed high larvicidal activity with LC50 values 69.40 ppm and 103.28 ppm respectively. The results obtained from this study suggest that the methanolic extracts of these plants have larvicidal effects against Anopheles stephensi larvae and could be useful in the search for new natural larvicidal compounds.

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How to Cite
1.
Khanavi M, Vatandoost H, Khosravi Dehaghi N, Sanei Dehkordi A, Sedaghat MM, Hadjiakhoondi A, Hadjiakhoondi F. Larvicidal Activities of Some Iranian Native Plants against the Main Malaria Vector, Anopheles stephensi. Acta Med Iran. 51(3):141-147.
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