Osteoporosis iIn Patients with Pemphigus Vulgaris before Steroid Therapy

  • S Zahra Ghodsi Mail Department of Dermatology, Autoimmune Bullous Diseases Research Center, Razi Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. AND Rheumatology Research Center, Shariati Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Farhad Shahram Rheumatology Research Center, Shariati Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Maryam Daneshpazhooh Department of Dermatology, Autoimmune Bullous Diseases Research Center, Razi Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Azam Saadatfar Department of Dermatology, Autoimmune Bullous Diseases Research Center, Razi Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Cheyda Chams-Davatchi Department of Dermatology, Autoimmune Bullous Diseases Research Center, Razi Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. AND Rheumatology Research Center, Shariati Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Keywords:
Pemphigus, Osteopenia, Osteoporosis, Bone densitometry, Corticosteroid

Abstract

Pemphigus Vulgaris (PV) is often complicated by osteoporosis. Although corticosteroid therapy undoubtedly plays a causative role, inflammation associated with PV may also contribute to osteoporosis. This study was designed to determine the prevalence of osteoporosis in patients with PV before corticosteroid therapy and to compare these findings with those reported previously in healthy volunteers. Newly diagnosed patients with PV, who had not received systemic corticosteroids, were enrolled.  Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured both in the lumbar spine (L1-L4) and hip region. Data were compared with those of a healthy Iranian population. The association between the disease duration and severity and BMD was evaluated. A total of 50 patients (27 women) with a mean age of 42.6±14.5 years were enrolled. Osteoporosis was seen in 7 (14%) patients, 3 (11.1%) women, 4 (17.4%) men, and in both genders it was more common when compared to the population of healthy Iranians (8.2% in women and 4.9% in men). Osteopenia was found in 26 (52%) patients, 13 women and 13 men. Although both osteopenia and osteoporosis were more common in severe disease, neither the duration nor the severity of PV showed a statistically significant association with osteopenia or osteoporosis. The presence of a higher than expected rate of osteoporosis in patients with PV argues for osteoporosis screening and efforts aimed at prevention and early initiation of treatment to prevent unnecessary morbidity.

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How to Cite
1.
Ghodsi SZ, Shahram F, Daneshpazhooh M, Saadatfar A, Chams-Davatchi C. Osteoporosis iIn Patients with Pemphigus Vulgaris before Steroid Therapy. Acta Med Iran. 52(12):879-883.
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