Lead Concentration in Breast Milk of Lactating Women Who Were Living in Tehran, Iran

  • Sedigheh Soleimani Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Mohammad Reza Shahverdy Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Najmeh Mazhari Department of Food Science and Technology, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran.
  • Khosrou Abdi Department of Drug Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Siavash Gerayesh Nejad Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Sedigheh Shams Department of Medicine, Pathology Department, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Elham Alebooyeh Department of DDS, Faculty of Dentistry, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Shahnaz Khaghani Mail Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Keywords:
Breast milk, Micronutrient, Lead, Toxic element, Trace element

Abstract

It is obvious that lead intake is of concern not for its beneficial/essential effects on metabolism, but rather for its toxic actions, which can be especially damaging to children. The objective of this study was to analyze the concentration of lead in milk of mothers during prolonged lactation. Milk samples from 43 mothers were collected at 2 months postpartum. Lead was analyzed using atomic absorption spectrophotometer. The value of lead in human milk was 23.66±22.43 μg/l. Lead concentration in human milk of mothers was higher than other countries and no significant relationship was found between levels of human milk lead and mother's education, age, parity, height and weight. The concentrations of lead in the milk samples were high, which makes a major public health hazard for the inhabitants, especially neonatal and children, of the industrial locations.

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How to Cite
1.
Soleimani S, Shahverdy MR, Mazhari N, Abdi K, Gerayesh Nejad S, Shams S, Alebooyeh E, Khaghani S. Lead Concentration in Breast Milk of Lactating Women Who Were Living in Tehran, Iran. Acta Med Iran. 52(1):56-59.
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Articles