Relationship between Diabetes and Intraocular Pressure
The ophthalmologic outcomes of diabetes were important. This research is conducted to assess the relation between diabetes and intraocular pressure changes in the patients of Avicenna Hospital, compared with healthy persons referring to the facility. With cross-sectional research, 400 persons including 200 diabetics and non-diabetics were selected on a random basis over one year in 2012. Research data were collected by examination and checklists, and then analyzed by SPSS 16 statistical software. Descriptive results were extracted, and the relation between the variables were analyzed by Chi2 test, t-test, Fisher's exact test, Pearson's correlation coefficient, with P. value less than 0.05 (P < 0.05).In the group of diabetics, 37% and 63%were male and female respectively, while in non-diabetics group 47% and 53% were male and female. The mean age of diabetics patients were 54.17 ± 8.25 and non-diabetics 49.06 ± 7.26 years. Mean vision acuity of the right eye was 9.035 in the diabetics and 9.56 in the witness group. Mean intraocular pressure was 16.71 ± 1.96 mm/Hg in diabetics, and 12.86 ± 1.45 mm/Hg in non-diabetics, which showed a significant difference (t = 22.337, P = 0.001). It is advisable that the intraocular pressure of diabetics be measured and recorded on a regular basis.
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