Educational Papers

Understanding Doctoral Nursing Students' Experiences of Blended Learning: A Qualitative Study


The concept of blended learning in the field of nursing and medicine has been accepted. Blended learning has been extensively used thanks to the development of communication technologies and the availability of Internet services. Meanwhile, experiences-based research, by all accounts, can help the expansion of such a learning modality. Therefore, this study was designed to explain nursing doctoral students’ experiences of blended learning. To attain this goal, a descriptive phenomenology method was used to illustrate experiences as they are experienced by the participants in the study. With regard to the nature of the investigated phenomena and the existing methods for the inductive analysis, Colaizzi’s method of data analysis was used. The findings of the study led to the discovery of three main themes: "failure", "synergy" and "specific interaction". Each of the themes has been further divided into some sub-themes.

Mardani AH. Thought of Learning without the constraints of spatial and temporal in library science in developing countries. J Sci Technol Res Institute 2009;24:143-58

Stacey E, Gerbic P. Success factors for blended learning.Proceedings ascilite Melbourne. (Accessed March 2016,12, at procs/stacey.pdf).

Dziuban CD, Hartman JL, Moskal PD. Blended Learning.Res Bull 2004;7:1-12.

Stoker D. Information and Library Studies at a Distance.JOLIS 1995;27:3-5.

Islamic Center Of Distance Learning. Distance learning: a powerful tool for multi-skilled specialists. (Accessed March 2016, 12, at

Jafari P. Study the virtual universities in order to provide a suitable model system for higher education [dissertation]. Tehran: Islamic Azad Univ Sci Res., 2001.

Berger H, Eylon BS, Bagno E. Professional Development of Physics Teachers in an Evidence-Based Blended Learning Program. J Sci Educ Technol 2008;4:399-409.

Emami A, Salsali M, Basiri H. Comparative survey between quantitative and qualitative paradigms (part II). Holist Nurs Midwifery 2012;22:54-60.

Polit DF, ed. Nursing Research: Principles and Methods.7th ed. Philadelphia: LWW, 2003:50-60.

Fichten CS, Ferraro V, Asuncion JV, Chwojka C, BarileM, Nguyen MN, et al. Disabilities and e-Learning Problems and Solutions: An Exploratory Study. Educ Technol Soc 2009;12:241-56.

Turner L. 20 Technology Skills Every Educator Should Have. (Accessed March 2016, 12, at - skills-every-educator-should-have.aspx).

Valentine D. Distance Learning: Promises, Problems, and Possibilities. (Accessed March 2016, 12, at

Etezadi M, Arefy M, Aghakasiry Z. Problems of distance learning centers view of teachers and students in secondary education in Esfahan Knowledge and Research in education and Curriculum. Islamic Azad Univ2009;23:149-77.

Zolfaghari M, Mehrdad N, Parsa Yekta Z, Salmani Barvq N, Bohrani N. The Effect of Lecture and E-learning Methods on Learning Mother and Child Health Course in Nursing Students. Iran J Med Educ 2007;7:31-9.

Vafaee-Najjar A, Mohammadi M, Khyabani T, Ebrahimpour H. Attitude and practice of faculty members to Implementation virtual education system in Mashhad J Med Educ Dev 2011;11:149-77.

Virkus S. Use of Web 2.0 technologies in LIS education: experiences at Tallinn University, Estonia. Electronic Libr Inform Syst 2008;42:262-74.

Beigi F, Shah-Nazari S. Virtual Education: Advantages and Limitations. J Med Educ Dev 2010;647-54.

Azami B, Attaran M. The Phenomenological Exploration of the Learners’ Interaction in Virtual Universities. Media 2011;2:2-10.

Hosseini SH. Simulation and interaction in Electronic Learning. (Accessed in Apr 2015, 12, at

Ibrahimzadeh I, Zandi B, Alipour A, Zare H, Yazdani F.The kinds of e-learning and different forms of interaction on it. Media 2010;1:11-22

IssueVol 54, No 11 (2016) QRcode
SectionEducational Papers
Doctoral student Nursing Experiences Blended learning Descriptive phenomenology

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
How to Cite
Emami Sigaroudi A, Ghiyasvandian S, Nikbakht Nasabadi A. Understanding Doctoral Nursing Students’ Experiences of Blended Learning: A Qualitative Study. Acta Med Iran. 54(11):743-749.