Dermatoglyphic’s in Congenital Cardiac Disease

  • Singh Brijendra Mail Department of Anatomy, Jodhpur Medical College, India.
  • Gupta Renu Department of Anatomy, Jodhpur Medical College, India.
  • Agrawal Dushyant Department of Anatomy, Jodhpur Medical College, India.
  • Garg Rajneesh Department of Orthopeadics, Jodhpur Medical College, Hamdard Institute of Medical Sciences & Research New Delhi, India.
  • Katri Sunil Saraswati Hospital, Jodhpur, Rajiv Gandhi Super Speciality Hospital Tahirpur, New Delhi, India.
Atd angle, Axial tri radius, Palmar print, Dermatoglyphics, Congenital cardiac disease, Finger prints, Ridge counts.


Various dermatoglyphic parameters like finger print pattern, atd angle, absolute ridge count & ab, bc ,cd, and ad ridge counts were observed in 150 cases of congenital cardiac disease, comprising of 72 cases of Ventricular Septal Defects (VSD), 60 cases of Atrial Septal Defects (ASD), 9 cases of Coarctation of Aorta (COA) & 9 cases of Tetralogy of Fallot’s (TOF). Same dermatoglyphic parameters were also studied in 300 controls and statistical comparison of cases and controls was done. In our study it was observed that the congenital cardiac disease cases exhibited preponderance of whorls (55.8%) with decrease in loop pattern (36.2%) as compared to those of controls and the difference was highly significant (P<0.001). The difference in the mean total finger ridge count (TFRC) of the controls and of the cases of Congenital Cardiac Diseases (CCD) was found to be highly significant (P<0.001), while the  mean atd angle in the cases of Congenital Cardiac Disease (CCD) was widen up and was statistically significant too. The mean ab, the mean bc ridge, the mean cd ridge and the mean ad ridge counts were also higher in the various type of CCD as compared to that controls and on statistical comparison, the difference was found to be highly significant.


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How to Cite
Brijendra S, Renu G, Dushyant A, Rajneesh G, Sunil K. Dermatoglyphic’s in Congenital Cardiac Disease. Acta Med Iran. 54(2):119-123.
Original Article(s)