Case Report

Griscelli Syndrome Type 2: A Rare Case With Apparently Normal Skin and Hair Pigmentation


Griscelli syndrome (GS) is a rare autosomal recessive disease that affects hair, skin, and immune system. Here, we describe an 8.5-month-old infant with multiple admissions due to fever, petechial purpura, and several recurrent vomiting episodes with a presumptive diagnosis of recurrent sepsis. He was born from parents with consanguineous marriage. The initial examinations revealed huge splenomegaly and hepatomegaly without any source of infection. Laboratory tests revealed a hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) like a picture with a high blood level of ferritin in all episodes, but the bone marrow test result was normal. Although he had normal hair and skin pigmentation on physical examination, the accumulation of melanosomes was found in his hair shafts on microscopic investigations. Eventually, a genetic test revealed a mutation in the RAB27A gene, which confirmed GS-II diagnosis. Our case is the first case of GS-II from Iran without any apparent clinical features of GS, such as hypopigmented skin and silvery-gray hair. Therefore, a genetic test, together with the microscopic examination of hair and skin, is necessary for the diagnosis and confirmation of GS-II. Since GS-II is an autosomal recessive disorder and consanguineous marriages are popular in Iran, premarital genetic counseling is recommended for this region.

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IssueVol 58, No 1 (2020) QRcode
SectionCase Report(s)
Griscelli syndrome Pigmentation disorder Immunodeficiency Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis

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Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
How to Cite
Bahrami A, Nateghian A, Salehi S, Bahoush G, Talebi S, Ghasemi S, Razi S, Rezaei N. Griscelli Syndrome Type 2: A Rare Case With Apparently Normal Skin and Hair Pigmentation. Acta Med Iran. 2020;58(1):38-42.