Relationship of Occupational Adjustment With Psychological Empowerment and Job Burnout in Iranian Nurses
The present study intended to determine the relationship of occupational adjustment with psychological empowerment and job burnout of nurses. This descriptive correlational study was conducted on 209 nurses working in educational hospitals. The eligible nurses were enrolled in the study through simple random sampling and filled out the demographic questionnaire, the Dawis and Lofquist Occupational Adjustment questionnaire, the Spreitzer Psychological Empowerment Instrument, and the Maslach Burnout Inventory. There was a significant positive relationship between occupational adjustment and psychological empowerment (P<0.001) and a significant negative relationship between occupational adjustment and job burnout of nurses (P<0.001). Regression analysis showed that occupational adjustment explained 46% of the psychological empowerment variance and 52% of the job burnout variance. The occupational adjustment has a significant positive relationship with psychological empowerment and a significant negative relationship with job burnout among nurses. Considering that nurses experience severe burnout in their work environment, programs should be developed to improve the psychological empowerment of nursing care.
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