Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior and Correlates Among Students of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Exercise and physical activity have well known physical and mental benefits, especially during students' life. This study was conducted to evaluate physical activity among students of Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS). We have randomly recruited students of TUMS in the 2017-2018 academic year to report their routine physical activity through filling out the Persian version of the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire as well as demographic characteristics among 12 different schools. Accordingly, we classified the physical activity of participants into three groups (high, moderate, and low). From a total of 425 students, data from 417 were analyzed. The age range of students was from 18 to 48, with a mean (SD) of 25.8 (5.43) years. 53.5% and 46.5% of participants were male and female, respectively. Students were classified into 3 categories of high (41%), medium (38%), and low (21%) physical activity. In the present study, 87.3% and 12.7% of students were active and inactive, respectively. There was a significant difference in the overall activity level between genders and work-related activity between students of clinical and non-clinical settings. No significant differences were found between physical activity level and other demographic data. Our results showed that the majority of students had a physical activity of more than 600 MET-min/week. No significant relationship was found between physical activity and age, school, GPA, and BMI. Compared to the national activity report, students of TUMS were at the proper level of physical activity. However, further research is needed to confirm these results.
2. Warburton DER, Bredin SSD. Health benefits of physical activity: a systematic review of current systematic reviews. Current opinion in cardiology. 2017;32(5):541-56.
3. Cooney GM, Dwan K, Greig CA, Lawlor DA, Rimer J, Waugh FR, et al. Exercise for depression. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews. 2013(9):Cd004366.
4. Quadros TM, Petroski EL, Santos-Silva DA, Pinheiro-Gordia A. The prevalence of physical inactivity amongst Brazilian university students: its association with sociodemographic variables. Revista de salud publica (Bogota, Colombia). 2009;11(5):724-33.
5. Hallal PC, Andersen LB, Bull FC, Guthold R, Haskell W, Ekelund U. Global physical activity levels: surveillance progress, pitfalls, and prospects. Lancet (London, England). 2012;380(9838):247-57.
6. Dunn AL, Marcus BH, Kampert JB, Garcia ME, Kohl HW, 3rd, Blair SN. Comparison of lifestyle and structured interventions to increase physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness: a randomized trial. Jama. 1999;281(4):327-34.
7. Valladares M, Ramirez-Tagle R, Munoz MA, Obregon AM. Individual differences in chronotypes associated with academic performance among Chilean University students. Chronobiology international. 2018;35(4):578-83.
8. Wilson CK, Matthews JI, Seabrook JA, Dworatzek PDN. Self-reported food skills of university students. Appetite. 2017;108:270-6.
9. Fallon EA, Hausenblas HA, Nigg CR. The transtheoretical model and exercise adherence: examining construct associations in later stages of change. Psychology of Sport and Exercise. 2005;6(6):629-41.
10. Brehm BJ, Summer SS, Khoury JC, Filak AT, Lieberman MA, Heubi JE. Health Status and Lifestyle Habits of US Medical Students: A Longitudinal Study. Annals of medical and health sciences research. 2016;6(6):341-7.
11. Sallis RE. Exercise is medicine and physicians need to prescribe it! British journal of sports medicine. 2009;43(1):3-4.
12. Frank E, Tong E, Lobelo F, Carrera J, Duperly J. Physical activity levels and counseling practices of U.S. medical students. Medicine and science in sports and exercise. 2008;40(3):413-21.
13. Dabrowska-Galas M, Plinta R, Dabrowska J, Skrzypulec-Plinta V. Physical activity in students of the Medical University of Silesia in Poland. Physical therapy. 2013;93(3):384-92.
14. Stanford FC, Durkin MW, Blair SN, Powell CK, Poston MB, Stallworth JR. Determining levels of physical activity in attending physicians, resident and fellow physicians and medical students in the USA. British journal of sports medicine. 2012;46(5):360-4.
15. Al-Drees A, Abdulghani H, Irshad M, Baqays AA, Al-Zhrani AA, Alshammari SA, et al. Physical activity and academic achievement among the medical students: A cross-sectional study. Med Teach. 2016;38 Suppl 1:S66-72.
16. Armstrong T, Bull F. Development of the World Health Organization Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ). Journal of Public Health. 2006;14(2):66-70.
17. Bull FC, Maslin TS, Armstrong T. Global physical activity questionnaire (GPAQ): nine country reliability and validity study. Journal of physical activity & health. 2009;6(6):790-804.
18. Trinh OT, Nguyen ND, van der Ploeg HP, Dibley MJ, Bauman A. Test-retest repeatability and relative validity of the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire in a developing country context. Journal of physical activity & health. 2009;6 Suppl 1:S46-53.
19. Esteghamati A, Khalilzadeh O, Rashidi A, Kamgar M, Meysamie A, Abbasi M. Physical activity in Iran: results of the third national surveillance of risk factors of non-communicable diseases (SuRFNCD-2007). Journal of physical activity & health. 2011;8(1):27-35.
20. Koohpayehzadeh J, Etemad K, Abbasi M, Meysamie A, Sheikhbahaei S, Asgari F, et al. Gender-specific changes in physical activity pattern in Iran: national surveillance of risk factors of non-communicable diseases (2007-2011). International journal of public health. 2014;59(2):231-41.
21. Sahebkar M, Heidarian Miri H, Noormohammadpour P, Akrami R, Mansournia N, Tavana B, et al. Prevalence and correlates of low physical activity in the Iranian population: National survey on non-communicable diseases in 2011. Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports. 2018;28(8):1916-24.
22. Djalalinia S, Modirian M, Sheidaei A, Yoosefi M, Zokaiee H, Damirchilu B, et al. Protocol Design for Large-Scale Cross-Sectional Studies of Surveillance of Risk Factors of Non-Communicable Diseases in Iran: STEPs 2016. Archives of Iranian medicine. 2017;20(9):608-16.
23. World Health Organization. Noncommunicable D, Mental Health C. WHO STEPS surveillance manual : the WHO STEPwise approach to chronic disease risk factor surveillance / Noncommunicable Diseases and Mental Health, World Health Organization. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2005.
24. Organization WH. Global physical activity questionnaire (GPAQ) analysis guide. Geneva; 2012.
25. El-Gilany A, El-Masry R. Physical inactivity among Egyptian and Saudi medical students. TAF Prev Med Bull. 2011;10(1):35-44.
26. Smetaniuk T, Johnson D, Creurer J, Block K, Schlegel M, Butcher S, et al. Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviour of Master of Physical Therapy Students: An Exploratory Study of Facilitators and Barriers. Physiotherapy Canada Physiotherapie Canada. 2017;69(3):260-70.
27. Unick JL, Lang W, Tate DF, Bond DS, Espeland MA, Wing RR. Objective Estimates of Physical Activity and Sedentary Time among Young Adults. Journal of obesity. 2017;2017:9257564.
28. Wattanapisit A, Fungthongcharoen K, Saengow U, Vijitpongjinda S. Physical activity among medical students in Southern Thailand: a mixed methods study. BMJ open. 2016;6(9):e013479.
29. Padmapriya K, Krishna P, Rasu T. Prevalence and patterns of physical activity among medical students in Bangalore, India. Electronic physician. 2013;5(1):606-10.
30. Naim Z, Anwar K, Rahman A, Zuliani N. Physical Inactivity Among Medical and Non-medical students: A cross sectional study. International Journal of Public Health and Clinical Sciences. 2016;3(5):48-58.
31. Danaei M, Momeni M, Sheikhshoaei M, Khalooei A. Physical activity and its determinant factors among medical students of Kerman University of Medical Sciences. Social Determinants of Health. 2018;4(1):36-43.
32. T A, SS T, L H. Exercise Self-efficacy, Exercise Perceived Benefits and Barriers among Students in Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences. Iranian Journal of Epidemiology. 2009;4(3):9-15.