Trend analysis of Anti-allergic medicines in the past 12 years in Iran (2006-20117)
Background: Up to 40% of global and 7.4- 41.3% of the Middle East population are affected by Allergic Rhinitis (AR). Patients with AR versus control group experience approximately twofold pharmaceutical expenditures and 1.8 fold number of visits. Since drug utilization can show various times of developing a disease in a country, it is used as an alternative for prevalence. In this study we try to examine and explain the consumption of anti-allergic medicines during the past 12 years to have a perspective view of these kinds of medicines.
Method: in this descriptive and cross-sectional study that investigates anti-allergic medicines over a 12-year period (2006–2017) we used Iranian pharmaceutical statistical datasheet published by the Iranian Ministry of Health. According to treatment guidelines of AR and WHO ATC code, we categorized anti-allergic medicines into 5 groups (antihistamines, Beta 2 agonists, Corticosteroids, Fixed-dose and others), Then DIDs for these groups were calculated and analyzed.
Result: Based on our findings in this study, cetirizine, Loratadine and Inhaled Salbutamol got the highest DID among all 5 groups, with 99.2, 65.4 and 57.6 retrospectively. Generally based on the third level of ATC code (second-generation anti-histamines, respiratory system drugs for obstructive airway disease, respiratory system nasal preparation and corticosteroid for systemic use) are faced with ascending market sales.
Conclusion: generally with the upward trend of anti-allergic medicines we can conclude that the incidence of AR in Iran during the past 12 years has increased and policymakers should follow this trend concerning a better supply chain.
|Issue||Vol 59, No 1 (2021)|
|Rights and permissions|
|This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.|