Donor and Recipient Individual Factors as Predictive Markers of Overall Survival After Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation; Dream or Reality
Low overall survival (OS) still is a major concern of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), which is affected by many individual and environmental factors. In this study, we retrospectively evaluated the association of donor and recipient individual factors with the overall survival of 206 patients who underwent allo-HSCT. Donor and recipient prognostic factors consisted of donor and recipient age, donor-recipient gender status, recipient body mass index (BMI), underlying disease, recipient cytomegalovirus (CMV) serostatus, and time from diagnosis to transplant (DTT) were included in the overall survival analysis. In univariable analysis, recipient age, donor-recipient gender status, underlying disease, recipient CMV serostatus, and DTT were significantly associated with the OS. The hazard of death in patients with DTT less than 14 months was 38% lower than those with a DTT higher than 14 months (P=0.06). Multivariate analysis showed that patients with aplastic anemia (HR=3.58; P=0.11) and Hodgkin’s disease (HR=3.89; P=0.11) have a much lower survival than unclassified diseases. Moreover, patients with acute myeloid leukemia and acute lymphoblastic leukemia showed better outcomes compared to the unclassified group. The donor and patient characteristics such as age, CMV serostatus, underlying disease, and time from diagnosis to transplantation could influence the overall survival of patients after allo-HSCT.
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|Issue||Vol 59, No 1 (2021)|
|Individual factors Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) Overall survival|
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