Monitoring Temperature in Children Under General Anesthesia: Nasopharynx Versus Carotid Artery Surface


Continuous body temperature monitoring during anesthesia in children is very important. Hypothermia in children may lead to higher morbidity and mortality. Measurement points to detect the temperature of core body are not simply accessible. In this study we measured the skin temperature over the carotid artery and compared it with the nasopharynx. Totally, 84 children of 2-10 years undergoing elective surgery were selected. Temperature over the carotid artery and nasopharynx was measured during anesthesia. Mean temperature of these points was compared which each other, and the effects of age, sex, and weight change of temperature during anesthesia were evaluated. The mean age of patients was 5.4±2.6 years s. 37% of patients were female, and 63% were male. The mean weight was 20±7 kg. The mean duration of surgery was 60.45±6.65 min. The temperature of the skin and nasopharynx was decreased during surgery as after 60 min, the deference between skin over the carotid artery and the nasopharyngeal area was 1° C. The bodyweight has a significant effect on carotid skin temperature in regression model. Skin temperature over the carotid artery, with a simple correction factor of+1° C, provides a viable noninvasive estimate of nasopharyngeal temperature in children during elective surgery with a general anesthetic.

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IssueVol 59, No 11 (2021) QRcode
Body temperature Intraoperative thermometry Skin temperature Pediatric thermal management Core temperature

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How to Cite
Imani F, Aleamin K, Goudarzi M, Ebrahim Soltani A, Majidi F, Khajavi MR. Monitoring Temperature in Children Under General Anesthesia: Nasopharynx Versus Carotid Artery Surface. Acta Med Iran. 2021;59(11):645-648.