Stigma Experience in Patients With Vitiligo: A Comprehensive Study in a Skin Hospital
Vitiligo is the most common cause of skin depigmentation, which relates to a wide range of psychological disorders. Stigma is defined as a negative attitude towards oneself that results from one's perception of being different from the general population. In this study, we have evaluated the quality of life and stigmatization degree among vitiligo patients. In this cross-sectional study, 323 patients with vitiligo referred to Razi Hospital, Tehran, Iran, were evaluated. All patients were asked to fill out a questionnaire containing age, gender, marital status, educational level, employment status, duration of vitiligo, location of lesions, history of underlying diseases, history of previous treatments, as well as history of depression or suicide. Quality of life and stigmatization among patients were assessed by DLQI (dermatology life quality index) and FSQ (feeling stigmatization questionnaire) questionnaires. The prevalence of moderate and severe stigmatization were 49.8 % and 13.3%, respectively. Women were significantly more stigmatized than men. The presence of vitiligo lesions on the face, hands, or forearms, previous topical and oral treatments, and prior depressive disorders were significantly associated with an increased sense of stigma. Patients with thigh or trunk lesions faced less stigmatization. Additionally, stigmatization was meaningfully related to the level of quality of life impairment. In the present study, 63% of patients with vitiligo experienced moderate to severe stigmatization levels related to gender, lesion site, history of prior treatments, and depression. Moreover, there was a significant correlation between the level of stigma sensation and the life quality disturbance.
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|Issue||Vol 60, No 7 (2022)|
|Vitiligo Stigma Quality of life Autoimmune diseases Skin diseases|
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