Prevalence of Foreign Bodies Ingestion in Children


Caring behaviors are crucial in intensive care units (ICU) because patients in these wards require high levels of care. Effective communication with patients is one of the most important factors in the caring behaviors of nurses working in ICUs. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of therapeutic communication skills training on the caring behaviors of ICU nurses. This experimental pre-test/post-test study was carried out on 105 nurses working in ICUs of hospitals affiliated with Yazd University of Medical Sciences in Iran in 2019. Nurses were randomly assigned into control (52 nurses) and intervention (53 nurses) groups. A two-day therapeutic communication training workshop was conducted for the participants. Data were collected using a demographic information questionnaire and caring behaviors questionnaire before and one month after the intervention. The findings showed no significant difference between the control and intervention groups regarding the nurses' caring behaviors in the pretest (P=0.148). However, after the implementation of the training program, a significant difference was observed in the mean scores of caring behaviors between the two groups. In the control group, the mean scores of caring behaviors decreased significantly after the intervention (P=0.001); whereas, the mean scores of the intervention group increased significantly after the intervention (P=0.001). According to the results, ICU nurses' training in therapeutic communication skills had a positive effect on their caring behaviors. Therefore, we suggest the authorities prepare and implement educational packages of therapeutic communication skills as a coherent program for other nurses. As a result, the caring behaviors and the quality of care can be improved for patients.

1. Shirkosh S, Nakhjavani N, Esmaeilidooki M, Hadipour A, Osia S, Hajiahmadi M. Foreign body ingestion and aspiration at a pediatric center in northern Iran. Caspian Journal of Pediatrics. 2020 Mar 10;6(1):399-406.
2. Oobudi R, Moghtaderi M, Salarian L, Agahi M. Foreign Body Ingestion and Aspiration in Iranian Children: Experience of 369 Cases in a Pediatric Unit. International Journal of Pediatrics. 2019;7(6):9567-76.
3. Adhikari P, Shrestha BL, Baskota DK, Sinha BK. Accidental foreign body ingestion: analysis of 163 cases. Int Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2007;11(3):267-70.
4. Diaconescu S, Gimiga N, Sarbu I, Stefanescu G, Olaru C, Ioniuc I, Ciongradi I, Burlea M. Foreign bodies ingestion in children: experience of 61 cases in a pediatric gastroenterology unit from Romania. Gastroenterology research and practice. 2016 Feb 1;2016.
5. Khorana J, Tantivit Y, Phiuphong C, Pattapong S, Siripan S. Foreign body ingestion in pediatrics: distribution, management and complications. Medicina. 2019 Oct;55(10):686.
6. Chabilall JA, Thomas J, Hofmeyr R. Foreign body ingestion in children presenting to a tertiary paediatric centre in South Africa: A retrospective analysis focusing on battery ingestion. South African Medical Journal. 2020 Jul 1;110(7):652-6.
7. Zubair Khurshid, Abdelbasit Elsayed Ali, Saad Abdul Aziz Al Hamidi, Turki Ibrahim Alnafisah . Foreign Body Ingestion in Children: A Hospital Based Experience in Riyadh. Acta Scientific Paediatrics. 2019; 2.10 : 13-19.
8. Blanco-Rodríguez G, Teyssier-Morales G, Penchyna-Grub J, Madriñan-Rivas JE, Rivas-Rivera IA, de León AT, Domingo-Porras J, Jaramillo-Alvarado JG, Cruz-Romero EV, Zurita-Cruz JN. Characteristics and outcomes of foreign body ingestion in children. Arch Argent Pediatr. 2018 Aug 1;116(4):256-61.
IssueVol 61 No 5 (2023) QRcode
Therapeutic communication Caring behaviors Education Intensive care units Nurse

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
How to Cite
Ajaj O. Prevalence of Foreign Bodies Ingestion in Children. Acta Med Iran. 2023;61(5):297-304.